Treaty of Versailles Questions and Answers

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Why did the US fail to ratify the Treaty of Versailles?

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When contemplating the reason(s) for the failure of the United States to ratify the Treaty of Versailles , appended to which was The Covenant of the League of Nations, one needs to keep in mind the provision of the United States Constitution pertaining to international treaties. The authors of the constitution were very concerned about establishing a form of government that would be exceedingly unlikely to devolve into a dictatorship. The key to such a governmental structure would be one built around the concept of a balance of power among the three main branches the Constitution would establish. The importance to the authors of the constitution of the Legislative Branch, that, by design, would be closest and most responsive to the public, was evident in its placement within the text of the Constitution, in effect, the opening article. Article II of the Constitution, then, established the Executive Branch, to be led by a president. It is within Article II that we begin to understand the...

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