Why did the United States invade Grenada in 1983?

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In 1983, the U.S. invaded Grenada under the guise of Operation Urgent Fury.

In March of 1983, President Ronald Reagan declared a newly constructed airport runway in Grenada as means for a Soviet-Cuban militarization and a potential threat to the U.S. The runway was larger than necessary for commercial flights to and from Grenada. Grenada's Prime Minister asserted that the runway was built to accommodate commercial flights for tourists.

Meanwhile, in Grenada, a party faction led by Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard, overthrew the government and placed Prime Minister Bishop under house arrest. Bishop was able to escape detention and flee, but was later captured and executed.

A military council was established and a four-day total curfew was put in place and anyone caught out on the streets was subject to execution. As a result of the upheaval and unstable situation, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States petitioned the U.S. for help.

The U.S. responded and invaded Grenada along side Barbados, Jamaica and members of the OECS on October 25, 1983. 

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