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Why did the United States develop the containment policy, and how did the Truman administration implement it?  

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As the United States and the Soviet Union were both atomic powers, a direct confrontation between the two was unthinkable, as it would undoubtedly have led to nuclear armageddon. So the Truman Administration had to devise a whole new strategy that dealt with the growing Soviet threat while minimizing the chances of World War III.

Such a strategy was containment, which was expressly designed to hold back the spread of Communism. In the aftermath of the Second World War, Communist parties were becoming increasingly prominent in the political life of European nations. In countries such as France and Italy, Communists had been at the forefront of anti-fascist resistance, which had increased their support among the general population. But as such, Communist parties ultimately took their orders from Moscow, and the Truman Administration was determined to ensure that they wouldn't gain power in such a strategically important part of the world as Western Europe.

It was in response to the growing...

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