Why did Tobe stay the whole time with Emily... but then left? for love

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Both Tobe and Emily are remnants of a long-vanished past. As such, they share a common bond that transcends differences of race and class. Neither truly belongs in this world, and so they look to each other for support to minimize the negative impact of their social isolation. Their loyalty...

See
This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Get 48 Hours Free Access

Both Tobe and Emily are remnants of a long-vanished past. As such, they share a common bond that transcends differences of race and class. Neither truly belongs in this world, and so they look to each other for support to minimize the negative impact of their social isolation. Their loyalty to each other gives them a place in life they would otherwise not have. Each acts to validate the other, to reinforce each other's self-image. But this relationship is only destined to last as long as Emily is alive. Once she dies, then the little fantasy world she's built for herself—and in which Tobe plays such an important role—dies with her. Upon Emily's death, the spell is broken, and so all that's left for Tobe to do is skulk out the back door without a word to anyone and leave the old house for the last time.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

In Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily," Tobe was "an old man-servant – a combined gardener and cook."  More, he was the first one to know about her and her father's death, and the only one to know about Homer's death.  He may not have had access to Emily's bedroom, her inner sanctum, but he definitely could deduce the source and circumstances surrounding the smell from it.

Tobe and Emily trusted each other, and he may have been the only confidant she had.  Certainly, he's the closest thing to a husband that she ever had, even though they were never romantically involved.  As such, Tobe leaves her premises once the white townspeople arrive on the crime scene.  He has protected her privacy for years, and now he does not want to be a witness who divulges gossip.  In this way, he is a foil for the narrators.  Whereas they divulge all they know, even misinformation and hearsay, Tobe divulges nothing: he is as silent as a corpse.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Presumably, in Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily," Tobe stays with Emily until her death because he needs a job, or out of a mistaken sense of loyalty.  But, really, that is just speculation.  We can only guess.

Before Emily's death, the speaker really couldn't elaborate on why Tobe stays without ruining the surprise ending.  And there's no reason to explain his staying until the body upstairs is revealed.  There's nothing unusual about his staying until we find out about Homer.

He leaves in a hurry, of course, so he doesn't have to answer questions about the body or take responsibility for what's been going on in the house.

Once Emily dies, the only thing revealed is that Tobe skips out the back door.  This, of course, heightens the suspense as the reader wonders why he so urgently leaves.

As far as is revealed, no, there is no love, at least not romantic love, between Emily and her servant.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

I think that Tobe stays with Miss Emily because it is the only life he has known.  He has surely been with her family for a long time.  I think that he is a symbol of the old days in Southern society where a black servant or slave belonged with a given family and came to be identified with them.

I think he leaves for two reasons.  First, he was Miss Emily's servant and that was all he seemed to care about (as far as white society went).  Once she was dead, he had no reason to stick around the white people.

Second, I think that Faulkner has him leave to emphasize just how cut off from society Emily was.  She was so alone that even her servant had no connection to the rest of society (or at least white society).

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team