The Puritans founded the Plymouth Colony for two reasons: they wanted religious freedom, and they wanted to maintain their distinctive cultural Englishness.
The Puritans were Dissenters, meaning they critiqued and ultimately rejected the Church of England, the official state religion of Great Britain. In Britain at that time, there was no religious freedom, so people who did not attend Church of England services and pay tithes to support the church were subject to fines and arrest.
To escape that persecution, the Puritans first moved to the Netherlands, a country which offered religious freedom. However, they found their children were assimilating to the...
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