Why did Sputnik concern Americans?
A) Sputnik showed that the Soviets had surpassed the U.S. in technical skill.
B) Sputnik could spy on the U.S.
C) Sputnik proved that the Soviets had a more powerful hydrogen bomb.
D) Sputnik could launch ICBMs.
Your best answer is A. The United States and the Soviets were engaged in something of a "space race" as an ancillary to the Cold War. Both sides knew that the first nation to successfully launch an "earth satellite," as it was called, would probably be the first to use it for offensive purposes against the other. The Soviets were always quite secretive about their plans and projects, so the U.S. was shocked when on October 4, 1957, the Soviets announced the launch of Sputnik I. If the Soviets could launch a satellite, they could build a missile which would reach the U.S. As a result of Sputnik, defense spending was greatly increased, and a renewed emphasis on science and mathematics commenced in American schools. It was because of Sputnik that NASA was created.
I concur with Larrygaates, the best answer in this case is A, Sputnik showed that the Soviets had surpassed the U.S. in technical skill. The launch had a direct impact on American technical confidence, even though America had a satellite project of its own, it was still highly confidential at the time of the Soviet Sputnik 1 launch. Government officials knew that they had lost the first leg of the “Space race” and to regain their footing, spending on technical advancement was increased. The Sputnik had considerable impact on the American society. It spurred and instigated the race to the moon. This was after President Kennedy announced that there was urgent need to land a man on the moon to at least check the Soviets. It was the Sputnik launch that gave rise to the formation of NASA for purposes of space exploration. Technological developments such as the internet and computers can also be attributed to the Sputnik event, which led to the flurry of activities around research science in general.