Why did the Puritan settlements surround a village green?

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The Puritans built their villages with a village green in the middle because it gave the town a community space that was accessible to everyone. People could gather in the village green for all kinds of reasons, from trade to everyday socializing. It was very like the public parks that we have today, combined with the mall and town hall. It could even also be used as a space for horses and other livestock to graze, and even get water if there happened to be a pond. In general, the village green served as a center of community life for a Puritan town. This was important because Puritan communities valued giving every citizen a voice in the direction of the community, and the village green made this easy by giving the town a place where everyone could congregate.

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