Why did the people of the Netherlands revolt against Spain?

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Religion was a significant factor in the Dutch revolt against Spain. The revolt was staged by the seven northern provinces of the Low Countries—the Netherlands—which were overwhelmingly Calvinist, and very staunchly Calvinist at that. To the vast majority of Protestant Dutch, King Philip II of Spain, Habsburg ruler of the...

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Religion was a significant factor in the Dutch revolt against Spain. The revolt was staged by the seven northern provinces of the Low Countries—the Netherlands—which were overwhelmingly Calvinist, and very staunchly Calvinist at that. To the vast majority of Protestant Dutch, King Philip II of Spain, Habsburg ruler of the Low Countries, was a foreign king from a foreign land enforcing a foreign religion which they regarded as not just wrong, but outright heretical.

To make matters worse, Dutch Protestants deeply resented the enormous burden of taxation exacted on them by the Spanish crown. Not only did heavy taxation damage the potentially thriving Dutch economy, it also provided funds for the Habsburgs to wage religious wars against Protestants right across the length and breadth of Europe. Dutch Protestants thought it was intolerable that they should have to foot the bill for such attacks on their co-religionists.

All of the many grievances of Dutch Protestants combined to form one side in an epic clash of cultures which had been bubbling away for quite some time before erupting into full-scale armed conflict.

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One of the primary reasons that the Dutch revolt occurred was the succession of Philip II. Many Dutch people resented him for various reasons. For example, while his father, Charles V, was fluent in Dutch and collaborated with Dutch people, Philip II did not know the language, sent a woman to rule the Netherlands, and did not trust people from the region.

Because they resented their new ruler, Philip II imposed heavy taxes on Dutch provinces and persecuted them based on their religion. Moreover, there were high unemployment rates, which led to poor standards of living and starvation. When the Dutch nobles tried to hold meetings with Margaret about their issues, two of their people were killed under the orders of Philip II. These actions led to angry protests from the Dutch.

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There are a number of reasons why the Netherlands rebelled against Spain back in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Hapsburg Empire, run by Spain, was iunvolved in a large number of wars all over Europe, especially.  A lot of the countries they were fighting traded with the Netherlands.  The Netherlands also had to help pay for these wars.  They did not like the wars because they had to pay for them and because the war hurt their trade.

Second, the Spanish were Catholic while the people of the Netherlands were Protestant.  This was a big deal at the time.

Finally, the Hapsburgs were trying to take more power for themselves and leave less power to the people of the various regions (like the Netherlands) that they controlled.

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