Why did Orwell take a pen name? Please explain 2 part of The Road to Wigan?no
The only thing I've heard about the pen name is that he himself went to Eton and felt that he needed a new identity if he was going to write radical stuff.
Part Two of this book is really quite dense and involved. Please understand that this is, therefore, a horribly condensed and oversimplified answer.
Orwell sets out to examine why socialism had not done better than it had in Britain at that time. He argues that there are five major reasons:
- There is too much emphasis on class conflict and glorification of the working class. This ignores the fact that, in England, there can be people who are poor economically but feel more like part of the middle class in terms of culture. They don't like the emphasis on the lower class.
- Socialists are too fascinated by machinery.
- There are too many weirdos so it seems like an odd belief to "regular people." He mentions vegetarians and nudists here.
- It's too hard to understand. Anyone who has read Marx can sympathize.
- Socialists are too interested in ideological purity and not interested enough in actually helping people in ways that aren't 100% pure socialism.