Why did Odysseus not return home in Book II of the Iliad?  

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In Book I of Homer’s Iliad, Achilles, the strongest warrior among the Greeks, withdraws from the fighting due to his anger at having been deprived of his prize by Agamemnon, who is the leader of the Greeks. The Greek army is dispirited, and many want to return home and abandon the attempt to recover Helen for Menelaus. Odysseus thinks retreat would be dishonourable, and persuades Agamemnon to agree to his pretending to accede to the wishes of the troops to return home in order to persuade them to stay and fight. This is one of several examples of Odysseus manipulating others by cleverness and divine aid rather than by more direct methods.

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