The Middle Colonies, which included New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, were known for their diversity. There were reasons for this.
William Penn set up Pennsylvania. As a Quaker, he understood the concept of religious persecution. The Quakers were persecuted because their religious views and practices differed from those in some European countries. William Penn wanted to establish a place where people of many religions could live together and practice their own religion. Lutherans, Presbyterians, Mennonites, and Jews also settled here.
The Dutch originally settled New York. The Dutch were also known for their tolerance of different religions.
Because the economy of the Middle Colonies was more varied than that of the New England and the Southern Colonies, people of many different backgrounds settled there. As a result, some people with brilliant minds came to live there, including Benjamin Franklin. There was more of a free flowing of ideas in the Middle Colonies in part because of the different religious groups and economic activities there.
The Middle Colonies were more diverse than the New England and the Southern Colonies.