Immigration in the Mid-Nineteenth Century

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Why did "nativism" reemerge in the 1850s in the form of the "Know-Nothing" political movement?

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Nativism emerged in the form of the Know-Nothings during the 1850s because the previous decade had seen a boom in immigration.  The immigrants had come from Germany (in part due to political upheavals there) and from Ireland (largely because of the potato famine).  The nativist Know-Nothings were most strongly opposed to the Irish but also...

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