Why did Italy get involved in World War I?

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A really large problem across Europe during the late 19th and early 20th centuries involved the dynamics inherent in what was called "the balance of power" politics that dominated European diplomacy. The world's major empires were still alive and independent. Smaller political entities, like individual countries, were constantly having to maneuver among these empires to survive. Italy was considered one of the major powers of Europe, as it is today, but it was wary of becoming engaged in a major conflict courtesy of its relationships with those empires. Compounding the problem was the secretiveness that cloaked these diplomatic maneuvers and that contributed to the atmosphere of distrust that permeated diplomacy. In 1882, Italy had joined with Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire to form the Triple Alliance, but this alliance was directed primarily against Russia, where Italy had little at stake (save whatever mischief the czar could make in the Balkans, which could be considerable).

Despite its secretive alliance with Germany and Austro-Hungary, Italy was loathe to become involved in the Great War that was started due in no small part to the fractious and highly flammable Balkans region. When it did decide to become an active combatant, it was on the side not of the Triple Alliance but of the Triple Entente. On May 23, 1915, Italy formally entered the war on the side of Great Britain and France and Russia against Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. Why would it do this? Territory. Under the terms of the 1915 Treaty of London (not to be confused with the previous Treaties of London), Italy would receive guarantees of sizable chunks of territory should the Entente prevail, which it eventually did. The Treaty of London (1915) included the following provisions favorable to Italy:

ARTICLE 4. Under the Treaty of Peace, Italy shall obtain the Trentino, Cisalpine Tyrol with its geographical and natural frontier, as well as Trieste, the counties of Gorizia and Gradisca, all Istria as far as the Quarnero and including Volosca and the Istrian...

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