Why did the Industrial Revolution not begin in France?
In my opinion, the Industrial Revolution did not start in France because of the political and social situation in that country. France had a political and social system that was rather hide-bound and aristocratic. It had an absolute monarchy where England (where the Industrial Revolution did start) had a much more free and open society.
Because France's society was dominated by an aristocracy, there was not a lot of room for innovation and the development of new ways. There was not the sort of large, relatively well-off merchant and middle class that was needed. Peasants were tied to the land and were not available to come work in factories.
So, because France's society was more old-fashioned, it was not able to be at the leading edge of change.