In this work of pro-slavery propaganda, the author argues that slaves are better off than the whites who work in the factories and other industries of the North. This was a common argument among Southerners before the Civil War.
The basic thrust of the argument is that slaves have a much more secure life than free workers do. This is based on the idea that slaves are taken care of at all times while free laborers are left on their own if they are no longer able to work. The author of the work says that workers in the North are poor and also that they are constantly having to worry. Men have to worry about having enough to support their wives and children. They have to worry about what will happen to them when they are too old to work. The author goes on to contrast this with the situation of slaves. He claims that they lead essentially a carefree life. He says that they do not have to work too hard and that they never have to worry about their own welfare or that of their families.