World War I

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Why did Germany enter World War I, and who were Germany's allies?

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Germany was not the instigator of World War I, but it was a key player in the war.  Germany signed a treaty with Austria-Hungary promising support if the nation was threatened.  After the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, Austria-Hungary gave Serbia a list of unreasonable demands to meet or else it would be invaded.  Serbia, a Slavic nation, appealed to Russia, as Czar Nicholas II claimed to defend all of the Slavs.  Russia started to mobilize in an attempt to intimidate Austria-Hungary into backing down. Austria-Hungary secured German backing for its own mobilization.  Germany feared Russian mobilization as well and it declared war on Russia.  France, bound by treaty to defend Russia, then entered the war against Germany.  

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