Why did the emphasis for Reconstruction change after 1866?  

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The emphasis for Reconstruction changed after 1866 because of the results of that year's Congressional elections.  In those elections, the Republicans won a huge majority in Congress.  The Congressional Republicans were led by "Radical Republicans" who did not support President Johnson's plans for Reconstruction even though Johnson was a Republican.

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The emphasis for Reconstruction changed after 1866 because of the results of that year's Congressional elections.  In those elections, the Republicans won a huge majority in Congress.  The Congressional Republicans were led by "Radical Republicans" who did not support President Johnson's plans for Reconstruction even though Johnson was a Republican.

In the 1866 election, then, the Radicals gained much more support and Johnson lost support.  This caused the Radicals to take over control of the government's efforts towards Reconstruction.  When they did this, they naturally implemented their own ideas which were much harsher towards the South than Johnson's plan had been.

The change in the emphasis of Reconstruction, then, happened because Radical Republicans gained support in the 1866 election.

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