In the French Revolution, why did the Directory fall? 

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The Directory suffered from extreme unpopularity among many French people. It fell as a result of a bloodless coup d'etat in 1799 that installed Napoleon Bonaparte, the most popular man in France due to his military victories. Napoleon overthrew the Directory with the help of many leading French politicians, most notably the Abbé Sieyes. After asuming power, Napoleon established a Consulate, in which he theoretically ruled alongside two other men. In reality, though, Napoleon as "First Consul" exercised basically dictatorial powers. Just five years after the overthrow of the Directory, Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of the French.