Why did delegates think the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced?
The Articles of Confederation were deeply flawed, could not tax to pay the nation's $4 million war debt, could not easily pass laws, required unanimous consent for amendments, and could not raise an army for security. After Shays' Rebellion ravaged the Massachusetts countryside largely unchecked, reformers called for the convention to replace the Articles with something more effective.
The problem was that many of the revolutionaries still feared government power, and saw any attempt to increase it as dangerous to democracy, states rights and the Revolution. They would attend the convention in force, opposed to the very idea of reform, and try to sabotage the effort from the beginning. They would be very difficult to convince to support the Constitution, and their support was crucial to uniting a country under the new form of government.
Articles of Confederation was the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage confederation establishes ineffective government. Congress couldn’t tax, they could only ask for money, Their was no executive branch!