In "The Outsiders", why did Dally rob the convenience store after Johnny died?

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Dallas took Johnny's death really hard. Despite his tough exterior, Dally truly cared about Johnny and seeing him die did something to him. Johnny was the only thing that Dallas cared about and now that Johnny was dead, he saw no reason to live. Dally robbed the store in a fit of anger. He lashed out and wanted to do something, anything, to take the pain away.

Readers often discuss how Johnny "needed" the group, but Dally's behavior shows us that he needed Johnny just as bad. For Dallas, Johnny represented all the innocnece and goodness that no longer resided in him. Dally always encouraged Johnny to be "tuff", but it is possible that he wanted the opposite to happen.

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Dally had just come from the hospital after Johnny's death.  He went into the convenience store in a state of shock and disbelief, and responded to the clerk's simple request by pulling a gun on him.  There is no rational explanation for what Dally did, but at this point in the novel, the reader knows that pulling a gun on someone was not out of character for Dally under normal circumstances, so it's certainly easy to believe that when he snapped under the extreme stress of losing Johnny, his first impulse was to strike out and threaten someone with a weapon.  This made a bad situation worse, and led to his own destruction at the hands of the police.

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