Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who is nowadays mostly known for his "discovery" of the Americas. He claimed it was possible to reach Asia by sailing across the Atlantic Ocean and was looking for potential sponsors among the rulers of European countries. His voyage was later supported by two Spanish rulers, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, who had recently joined the two kingdoms of Aragon and Castile. To secure their patronage, Columbus promised them to spread Catholicism across the globe. In August of 1492, with the help of the funds from his sponsors, Columbus set sail with three different ships—Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria—in search of a shorter route to Asia, which would help with the international spice trade.
Columbus also had other motivations for his journeys. Dreaming of glory, fame, and fortune, he was prepared to explore the far corners of the world. However, on his famous first voyage, he failed to find Asia and instead reached the shores of an archipelago which is known today as the Bahamas.