Why did the authors of "The Late Convention of Colored Men" believe the federal government had to protect the newly freed slaves from white Southerners?

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The authors believed that the federal government had to protect the freed slaves because there was nothing preventing the white Southerners from creating laws that disfavored them. Although they were thankful to the president and the federal government for freeing the slaves, the authors were worried that such freedom may be short-lived if the same people who previously promoted the slave trade were left in charge. They wanted the government to empower the freed slaves by giving them the right to vote. The authors believed that the only way to guarantee equality and end discrimination for the freed slaves was to allow them to choose their own leaders. The authors believed that if they could have a person who truly supported freed slaves in a leadership position, then they could avoid unfair legislation from the white Southerners.

The authors of "The Late Convention of Colored Men" believed the federal government had to protect the newly freed slaves from white Southerners because they...

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