Why did Achilles cry after killing Hector?

In book 23 of the Iliad, after Achilles has killed Hector and had his corpse dragged back to the Greek ships, he cries because he is mourning his beloved friend Patroclus, and he sees Hector's death as an act of vengeance. He has Hector's corpse dragged around Patroclus's funeral bier, and then the corpse is flung down into the dust next to the bier.

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Achilles's particularly egregious treatment of the corpse of his enemy, the Trojan Hector, all stems from the fact that he is desperate to avenge the death of Patroclus, whom he loved so much. In book 23 of theIliad , after Hector has died at the hands of Achilles, we...

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Achilles's particularly egregious treatment of the corpse of his enemy, the Trojan Hector, all stems from the fact that he is desperate to avenge the death of Patroclus, whom he loved so much. In book 23 of the Iliad, after Hector has died at the hands of Achilles, we see Achilles cry again in mourning for Patroclus.

He is certainly not alone in his mourning, however. He bids the Myrmidons not to unyoke their teams of horses from their chariots before they drive the horses around Patroclus's funeral bier. At this point, the Greeks have dragged Hector's corpse back to their own camps, and Achilles therefore declares to Patroclus that he has kept his promise: he has dragged Hector's corpse back to camp to avenge Patroclus's death. The group of Greeks who are with Achilles join with him in lamentations and crying, grieving again for their fallen Patroclus.
Hector's corpse is then flung face down into the ground next to Patroclus's bier. It is very important to Achilles that Hector should suffer great indignities in death. This seems to help him deal with the pain of losing Patroclus. It is also important to Achilles that Patroclus be ceremonially mourned by as many people as possible, while at the same time denying the Trojans the right to mourn their own lost son.
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