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Recognized as one of the most characteristic temples as well as being among the most beautiful in Egypt, Deir al Bahri is rivaled in beauty of architecture by only such as the Parthenon of Greece. Certainly, it reflects the Egyptian sense of permanence and order. Interestingly, it is the tomb of Pharoah Hatshepont, a female pharoah who ruled for twenty-one years (1473-1458 B.C.)
The Deir al Bahri is located on the Nile's west bank, and it guards the entrance to the Great Valley of the Kings. Thus, the temple holds great importance in archaeological history. Before it was discovered itself, a number of artifacts from it began to appear in markets; so, archaeologists traced them back to the temple. Later, numerous mummies were discovered in Deir al Bahri, among them being Amenhotep I; Tuthmose I, II, and III; Ramses I and II, and the patriarch Seti I, Tuthmose IV, Ramses IV, V, and VI, Amenophis III and Merneptah.
Because there are three temples at Deir al Bahri, a great deal of history has been gleaned there by archaelogists from the discoveries of sarcophi and artifacts. Perhaps the greatest discovery, however, is the beautiful colonnaded structure of the Mortuary Temple of Pharoah Hatshepsut. Considered as one of the "incomparable monuments of ancient Egypt," Djeser-Djeseru, which is ninety-seven feet high and was built into a cliff front, it contains graded and colonnaded terraces that once held beautiful gardens which could be reached by walking along lengthy ramps.
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