Why would the creation of factories help or hinder the lives of people living during the industrial revolution?

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mkoren | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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The creation of factories had a mixed effect on people’s lives during the Industrial Revolution. One positive impact of the Industrial Revolution for people is that jobs were created. For people moving to the cities or to the United States, the impact of the Industrial Revolution was that people were able to get jobs. Many immigrants to our country wanted to make a better life for themselves and their family. While many jobs were low paying ones, people could work their way up the ladder economically. The cities also had more things to do. This was helpful for immigrants who often lived in ethnic neighborhoods where they could be with people from their own ethnic group. This helped with their adjustment to our country and way of life.

There were negative impacts of the Industrial Revolution. Cities grew so rapidly that city government couldn’t handle the influx of people. People lived in tenements, which are overcrowded apartment buildings. There was a lot of disease and crime. Pollution from the factories was a problem. Factory workers worked very long hours with low pay. Working environments weren’t always safe. Kids even worked. Kids often got into trouble with the law because going to school wasn’t required, and the parent or both parents may have been working. Thus, Industrial Revolution presented some challenges for people and for society to overcome.

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