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besure77 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is when the body is unable to properly regulate sugar (glucose) that is in the body.

Here is how the process works:

  1. We consume foods and from these foods the liver produces glucose.
  2. The levels of glucose are regulated by many hormones, including insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and allows glucose to move from the blood into the liver, muscles, and fat cells. Then it can be used as fuel for the body.
  3. People with diabetes either do not produce enough insulin or they cannot use it properly. The glucose stays in the blood and does move into the cells where it can be used as energy.

This is why people with diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar. They can have small amounts sugar, it just needs to be eaten very cautiously.

ako6777 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce insulin or the body's cell ignore insulin.  Insulin is hormone and is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other foods into energy for our bodies. People with diabetes can eat sugar but they have to eat it in moderation while receiving medical intervention.  There are several types of interventions available for diabetics.  The most typical method is the injection of insulin into the body to make up for pancreas's deficiencies. Another option is the use of certain pills to help control blood sugar levels.  The pills work best for the newly diagnoses and tend to only work for a certain amount of time. For individuals with Type 2 diabetes it is important to make  lifestyle change.  Working out and eating right can assist with diabetes management.

dano7744 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Diabetics can eat sugar but in moderation. Sugar a carbohydrate, is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream. Individuals with diabetes mellitus have hyperglycemia (blood glucose level is elevated). If they consume too much sugar, this elevates the blood sugar even more. Hyperglycemia causes a multitude of problems. DM is an endocrine disorder that affects every single organ system adversely. Problems range from poor circulation to nerve problems and blindness.

The ADA (American Dietetic Association) recommends diet's low in concentrated sugars and sugar substitutes. Most people who use sugar substitutes say they can't tell the difference. 

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