Cultivation is considered by many to be the very origin of civilization itself. Prior to cultivation, humans were hunter-gatherers. This meant they were nomadic, following herds of animals or available plants that hadn’t been picked over, and they were at the mercy of the environment and the availability of food.
Cultivation changed that and, for the first time in history, gave humans an opportunity to exert some form of control over nature and the surrounding environment. With food being grown intentionally, people could settle and congregate. They could build permanent structures and settlements, leading to the first cities. Additionally, cultivation led to a surplus of food, which meant that livestock could be kept and people could focus their efforts on other pursuits, such as building, warfare, and creativity. Without cultivation, civilizations wouldn’t have the opportunities or free time to ponder life, observe patterns, and create math and science.
Additionally, cultivation created a need for a calendar system. Knowing how to measure the days and years was crucial to understanding the growing and reaping seasons. This need led to the development of historical record-keeping, advanced mathematics, astronomy, and many other sciences.