In Henry Howard's poem "Alas! So All Things Now Do Hold Their Peace," why does the speaker emphasize the word "peace," what kind of "peace" does he mean?

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The poem by Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, that begins “Alas, so all things now do hold their peace!” is an adaptation of poem 164 from Franceso Petrarca’s (Petrarch’s) collection of poems titled Rime sparse (Scattered Rhymes), otherwise known as the Canzioniere.  Both Petrarch’s poem and Howard’s adaptation are extremely typical, in their details, of the kinds of poetry for which Petrarch is famous. The emphasis on the word “peace,” for instance, is completely characteristic of Petrarch’s poetry, which often deals with a lack of peace and with the hope of eventually achieving peace in various ways.

In Howard’s poem, the word “peace” mainly refers to calmness, quiet, and obedience to proper order: everything in nature (the speaker says) is at peace. Everything is quiet and is functioning smoothly, obeying (it is implied) the rules of God, who created man and everything else that exists.  Nature is operating entirely as God intended, and even the ocean – a...

(The entire section contains 524 words.)

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