Why are atoms and nuetrons always together when they are making electricity?

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rfahrig eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I'm not exactly sure what you're asking, but I'll attempt to explain: Atoms are composed of protons (which carry a positive electrical charge), neutrons (which are neutral--they have no electrical charge), and electrons (which carry a negative electrical charge). Electricity is "created" through the movement of electrons, and the partial movement of protons (like little magnets, positive protons are attracted to negative electrons). Protons and neutrons are "contained" in the nucleus of an atom--they are bound together by smaller particles (quarks) and gravity (because protons and neutrons have mass, and everything that has mass is attracted to other bodies that have mass, due to gravity). Electrons surround the nucleus in a sort of cloud--they orbit the nucleus, but not in consistent, predictable patterns. Because of the positive and negative charges associated with protons (+) and electrons (-), electricity can be harnessed when those electrons are excited (caused by a lot of different factors) and move from atom to atom. This movement "creates" energy (electricity). If that's not quite what you mean, please clarify and repost. Thanks!

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