Why are the women forbidden to read in Gathering Blue by Lois Lowry?

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Lowry mentions that the women are not allowed to read or do other intellectual activities, and they are only allowed to bare children, take care of the household and do some simple activities such as gather food or knit. However, as the story progresses, it becomes obvious that the women are intentionally forbidden to read, because the Council of Elders wants to keep them under control and make sure that they stay compliant and obedient. The Elders are aware that if the women were allowed to read, they would become more intelligent and knowledgeable, and thus, they would threaten the strict social hierarchy that the men have established; the women would begin to realize that they do not need to be servants of the men, and they would rebel against the traditionalist, conservative and sexist leadership of the village. Essentially, the women are not allowed to read, because the men want to keep their dominant status as long as possible.

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