Anne and her family were Jewish and they were attempting to hide from the Nazi's. There was a hidden compartment behind a bookcase where the family lived. The area was very busy with people and there were many spies and informants so the Franks had to be very careful so they would not be discovered. The Nazi's believed that the Jews were dirty, hateful people who wanted destruction for Christians. They captured millions of Jews and sent them to concentration camps where most of them were murdered. The Franks new of this danger and this is why they were hiding. Eventually, they were discovered, sent to a camp, and murdered.
Anne Frank and her family are Jews, hiding from the government of Nazi Germany during World War II so they can avoid deportation to the death camps during the Holocaust. They are hiding in Holland (The Netherlands) in a secret compartment above an apartment building, and had to remain in the building around the clock to avoid detection.
The SS and Gestapo conducted searches for Jews in hiding, and relied on a network of informants and anti-Semitism in the local population to help them in their search. In the end, Anne and her family's location was given away, and they were sent to concentration camps and murdered.
They are hiding from the Nazis. They have to do this because the Nazis are trying, essentially, to kill all the Jews they can find.
When the Nazis came to power in Germany, one of their big ideas was that they Jews were responsible for all of Germany's troubles. They also thought the Jews tended to ruin all civilizations they touched.
Because of this, they started trying to get rid of all the Jews in their territories. When Germany took over the Netherlands, Anne and her family had to hide to try to prevent this from happening to them.
The Franks and people they knew went into hiding because Margot received her orders to go to a work camp. In order to prevent their deportation, the Franks had pre-established a hiding place with Miep. They hid in an Attic behind a book case. The Franks lived in Amsterdam.
The Nazi party was collecting the Jews for deportation to Ghettos and concentration camps. The Franks knew there was eminent danger ahead for their children. Initially, the Jewish stores and businesses were closed. Then homes were ransacked and families started to be rounded up. The rights of the Jewish people were being striped away and their lives were in danger.
I had the chance to go through the Anne Frank house while I was in Amsterdam. I was actually surprised how large the area they had stayed in actually was. However, I had to remember that they could not move around in the daytime, and there were quite a few people. The pictures of the magazine movie stars are still stuck on the walls were they had put them. The house is located in a row of houses overlooking the river.