Why is AIDS called a syndrome and not a disease?please give definition and explanations

Expert Answers
jgeertz eNotes educator| Certified Educator

AIDS is an acronym that stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. A person can be infected with HIV but not have AIDS. AIDS is designated as a syndrome since a group of health problems are characteristic of the disease. AIDS causes individuals to become susceptible to bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections. Individuals also exhibit increased rates of cancers like lymphomas. Technically, a syndrome can be defined as a group of symptoms that are characteristic of a disorder or disease (but it may be due to multiple diseases or no disease, e.g. an accident). A disease however is more crisply defined as a disorder of a specific organ or body system that arises from heredity, infection, environmental causes, etc. Sometimes these terms become blurred and are used interchangeably. 

leenaarun | Student

AIDS- Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome.

AIDS is caused by Human immuno deficiency virus. This virus is acquired by the individual in various modes like infected blood transfusion, sexual contact and using syringes and needles used by others. This virus enters the human system and suppresses the immune system thus making the body susceptible for many group of diseases i.e syndrome ( group of diseases).

The term disease broadly refers to any condition that impairs normal function. This term generally refers to infectious diseases where the causative agents may bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic.

sobiamujeeb | Student

disease affect only one part of organ while syndrom affected multiple organs of the body. similarly if a person have influenza then its only respiratory tract infected while if a person has Aids then its got respiratory disorders, GIT disorders, skin disorders and so on. thats why AIDS called a Syndrome.

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