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Why, according to John Dewey, does philosophy need recovery? What, according to him, is so groundbreaking about pragmatism?

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During his lifetime, philosopher John Dewey (1859–1952) had a significant impact on American intellectual life. He became a strong proponent of an ideology known as pragmatism. Simply put, pragmatism is the view that truth should be based upon whatever works, while unpractical ideas should be rejected.

Dewey’s version of pragmatism, or what he refers to as “cultural naturalism,” is an ideology based on his belief that philosophical thought should be reconstructed so as to become more practical for use by everyday people:

Dewey argued that philosophy had become an overly technical and intellectualistic discipline, divorced from assessing the social conditions and values dominating everyday life.

Thus, philosophy, from Dewey’s perspective, was in need of recovery. In his view, modern societies needed to focus on topics of broader moral significance. His writing concentrated on human freedom, women’s suffrage, race relations, sociology, and other practical concerns influencing...

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