Lois Lowry's The Giver is written in the 3rd person Limited Omniscient point of view. This means that the narrator sees the story unfold through the eyes of the protagonist. However, if a story is written without this limitation, it is called 3rd person Omniscient point of view, which gives the narrator more freedom to tell the story from multiple characters' perspectives. In the limited version, though, the narrator can only tell the story from one perspective, unless of course the author decides to cheat a little and expands to other characters. Additionally, the limited omniscient view is closely related to the 1st person point of view where the protagonist narrates the story using words such as "I" and "we". In fact, many might think at first that The Giver is written in 1st person because of how well Lowry sticks to Jonas's perspective throughout the novel and provides wonderful 1st person-type descriptions of his experiences. The following is an example of colorful descriptions as written in the 3rd person Limited Omniscient view:
"Jonas learned, through the memories, the names of colors; and now he began to see them all, in his ordinary life (thought he knew it was ordinary no longer, and would never be again). But they didn't last. There would be a glimpse of green--the landscaped lawn around the Central Plaza; a bush on the riverbank. The bright orange of pumpkins being trucked in from the agricultural fields beyond the community boundaries--seen in an instant, the flash of brilliant color, but gone again, returning to their flat and hueless shade" (97).