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mwmovr40 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was born in Klushino, Russia in 1934.  Much of his formative years was spent in German occupied Russia with his own home be confiscated for the use of German officers.  When he was nine years old two of his brothers were sent to German labor camps.  

In his teens, Gagarin went through a technical training school and eventually graduated with skills in aeronautics and with training as a pilot.  After that time in school he was recruited into the Soviet Air Force.  His interest in space and space travel led him to be one of the 20 Soviet pilots selected for their space program in 1960.  When the decision was made as to which of the pilots would be selected as the first Soviet cosmonaut, an anonymous poll of the 20 candidates led to 17 votes in favor of Gagarin being selected.

On April 12, 1961, 3 1/2 years after the Soviets successfully launched Sputnik I (October 4th, 1957), Gagarin  became the first person to fly into space.  He was launched into space aboard Vostok I.  He was in space for roughly 40 minutes and completed one orbit of the Earth.

In spite of being a Russian born citizen of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, Yuri Gagarin became an international hero and spurred the U.S.-Soviet space race culminating on the first men to the Moon in 1969.

hadjartahax | Student

thank you all for the answers :)

astrosonuthird | Student

Astronaut and cosmonauts are not really same.

 

Cosmonaut means a Russian astronaut.

 

 

Astronaut means a US astronaut.

salonigaba | Student
a soviet pilot and cosmonaut or astronaut.
astrosonuthird | Student

Yuri Gagarin was born in village named Klushino. He died on march 27 1968.

 

 

astrosonuthird | Student

Yuri Gagarin was a soviet pilot and cosmonaut or astronaut. He was the first person in our solar system to go to space in the Vostok spaceship in 12 April 1961.

 

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