Who wrote George Orwell's 1984?

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parkerlee eNotes educator| Certified Educator

George Orwell's real name was Eric Blair. His father was a British military official stationed in India, Orwell's birthplace.

Blair took on the name "George Orwell" as his pen name once he had established himself as a credible author.  Blair's sense identity and roots was always migitated because of the conflict of loyalties between India and England - one reason perhaps for his writing under another name. His growing resentment against British imperialism (despite being a part of it!) is best expressed in his autobiographical essay "Shooting an Elephant." His most popular books, 1984 and Animal Farm, both deal with political and social dystopias and how they got that way.

Click on the reference below and you will find a biographical sketch of his life.

Susan Hurn eNotes educator| Certified Educator

It's often referred to as George Orwell's 1984 because George Orwell wrote it. The novel is Orwell's imaginative creation, but it is based on Russian author Yevgeny Zamyatin's work. Some critics have held that some of Orwell's youthful experiences at an English prep school inspired some of his literary treatment of the protagonist, Winston Smith. Orwell's vision of the future has left an impact in modern culture, as well as in literature. The term "Orwellian" is now often used to describe any activity in society or government that reminds us of the dark world of totalitarian suppression and oppression Orwell created in 1984.