An argument could be made that the antagonist and protagonist of Nottage's Ruined relates to the condition of power. Those who are in the position of militaristic or temporal notions of power can be seen as antagonistic, while those who must suffer under such horrific conditions are the protagonists. Power goes to the very basis of demarcating characterizations of those who can be seen as protagonist and antagonist.
Mama Nadi can be seen as a protagonist because of the power dynamics that exist around her. While she is a madam, she believes that what she does helps to offset the world outside where power is wielded in a brutal manner. Mama understands that the girls who come to her establishment have been deemed "ruined." This condition is one where power has inflicted itself on the girls and made them unable to return home. Mama is the protagonist because of her role as buffer, one who tries to navigate this valence. She seeks to negotiate the world that takes what it wants, in particular from women, while preserving some semblance of a home for girls who need it. When Salima says, “You will not fight your battles on my body anymore," it reflects the world that Mama Nadi strives to negotiate. It is a world where women are violated, where political revolution is the pretext for horrific abuses of power, and one where there is an absence of justice and fairness. Mama is the protagonist because she serves as "the chief actor" who strives to offer the hope of restoration and redemption in a world devoid of it.
Mama's condition as protagonist sets up a world where most of it serves an antagonistic function. In this construction, the "rival" is a setting in which individuals with power seek to exploit those without it. For example, the soldiers in the drama could operate as antagonist. Commander Osembenga is not interested in equality or a sense of fairness, as much as he is rooting out the rebels and exerting his power. He does not hesitate to use force in obtaining what he wants. This is reflected in how he treats the girls in Mama's establishment. He and his men often engage in assaulting behavior towards them because they can. The rebel soldiers who kept Salima as their concubine after raping her would be another example of an antagonist. In both of these conditions, individuals with power are antagonistic because they demonstrate their control over people, particularly women, who lack power and control over their own lives. The political context has given power to individuals who abuse it in their abuse of women. Another example of this would be Fortune's village, who shunned her as "ruined" because she was violated by rebel soldiers. Salima sees Fortune in an antagonistic light, as well, because she perceived him to support his village's position. Accordingly, the antagonist is one who does not actively support those who lack power. The antagonistic forces of Nottage's drama are individuals who compete with the restorative force of Mama. Their imposition of power on those who lack voice make them antagonists to a drama where power and its valences become defining elements.
In the play ruined Mama Nadi is the protagonist. At first, the story sets her up as being an antagonist due to the fact that she," is part of a modern day slave trade. She buys girls." However, throughout the play her true self comes out to show how compassionate she is and she becomes the protagonist.
An antagonist can be seen as anyone not supporting/doing harm for the protagonist or harm for others. Commander Osembenga and his soldiers assault the women at Mama Nadi's place, therefore they can be seen as antagonists.