The Wars of the Roses were a series of conflicts that were fought to determine who would rule England. They were fought roughly from 1455 to 1485. These were not fought over ideology or national identity. Instead, they were fought between two rival "houses" who both had claims to the English throne. The two houses were the House of Lancaster (symbolized by the red rose) and the House of York (symbolized by the white rose). The wars ultimately ended in victory for the House of Lancaster. Their leader at the end of the wars became Henry VII of England and united both houses by marrying someone from the House of York. This created the House of Tudor that then ruled England for over a century.
sorry it was henry the sixth
Edward the forth of york defeated Henry the eight of lancaster