The Muslim forces (combined Egyptian and Syrian forces) led by Saladin won. The 3rd Crusade (1182-1192), also known as the "King's Crusade" was the second attempt to reconquer the Holy Land. After the failure of the 2nd Crusade, it too was a failure. Although there were sucessive military victories by the Christian forces internal conflicts within the leadership occurred. In 1192 Richard I and Saladin finalized a treaty that retained the Holy Land under Muslim control but allowed unarmed Christians to perform their pilgrimage.