Who or what is the antagonist of The Giver?

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M.P. Ossa | College Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

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You can safely argue that the antagonist of the Giver is basically the concept of "Sameness", that is, that collective feeling of limbo that the dystopian (at first seemingly Utopian) society presented in the story chose to adopt in order to not suffer emotional conflicts.

When Jonah became the new Receiver, he discovered all the things to be learned from what society was like before Sameness took place He realized that there is a lot to be learned from conflict and complexity, and that there is a place for pain in one's life. Therefore, Sameness and all that it represents, is the main antagonist which directly contradicts the role of Jonah in the story.