Of the following, who were the winners and losers in the Glorious Revolution of 1689? Choices given are the British Monarchy, British Parliament, Church of England, Protestant Dissenters, Catholics, American colonists.

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The British Parliament, the Church of England, and the Protestant Dissenters were the winners in the Glorious Revolution.

After Cromwell died, the British Parliament re-instituted the monarchy, bringing Charles II in to rule. However, while Charles agreed to respect parliament and to reign as an Anglican, he had spent enough time in France to acquire a taste for absolute power and a desire to bring Roman Catholicism to England. He did not respect parliament and did not summon it to meet for some time. Parliament had wanted to pass a decree banning Charles's heir, James II, from ascending to the throne. Because Charles would not call parliament, however, when he died, James II did become king.

This was a disaster. James II was sorely lacking in good political skills. He wanted to convert the country to Catholicism, and he wanted his children raised as Catholics. He also wanted England to support France in a war against the Netherlands, a country where his daughter and son-in-law reigned.

Parliament and the Church of England had had enough, as had the Protestant Dissenters, who had been quite severely persecuted under James II. The Dissenters encouraged the Church of England to stand up against the monarchy. Further, Whigs and Tories in parliament both feared James and so made common cause against him. They invited his daughter, Mary, and her husband, William, rulers of the Netherlands, to take the throne.

The couple did so, deposing James. William was so desperate for English funds to fight the French in the Netherlands that he agreed to real reforms to establish a constitutional monarchy and vest more power in the hands of parliament. After this, England would never be the same again: it would from then on have monarchs with limited powers. The Church of England won because William was glad to reign as an Anglican and because parliament supported legislation banning Catholic monarchs. The Dissenters won because the draconian laws against them were lifted, allowing them more, if hardly total, religious freedom. The monarchy and the Catholics lost out.

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The most obvious winners among these groups you mention were the Church of England and the Parliament.  The Catholic Church and the Monarchy were the losers.

The Church of England won and the Catholics lost because the Glorious Revolution ended in the deposition of King James.  This put an end to his attempts to bring the Catholic Church back to prominence in England.

The Parliament won because the monarchy's rights were limited in the Declaration of Rights.  When William and Mary were offerred the throne, the Declaration of Rights also cemented in place (along with other laws passed between 1869 and 1701) the idea that Parliament had broad powers that could not be infringed upon by the monarchy.

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