The Mamluk, or Slave, dynasty of northern India was ruled by a succession of Muslim sultans from 1206-1290 CE. These rulers built the ancient capital city of Delhi and introduced some of the first Muslim monuments and infastructure.
The first ruler, who's name was Axis of the Faith, constructed two Mosques before dying in a polo accident. This prevented him from setting up a sound administrative structure for his government, which was short-lived because of this early oversight.
Other noteable rulers include Shams ud-din, who built the first Muslim Mausoleum in Dehli, and Muiz ud din, who was the final ruler for just three years before being overshadowded by the Khilji Dynasty.