who were the key revolutionaries that led the movements for independence in Latin America and what were their accomplishments

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saintfester eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The three main revolutionaries that helped free the people’s of Latin America were Miguel Hidalgo, Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin. These three men helped ignite and win revolutions against Spain that created many democracies that still exist today.

Miguel Hidalgo was a Catholic priest who came from strong intellectual stock but also had a very good connection to the common people of his parish in Mexico. While in Dolores, he led a powerful fight against the newly installed brother of Napoleon who ascended to the Spanish throne in 1810. Already disenchanted with the Spanish authorities, Hidalgo used this event to begin a popular movement that eventually began a country-wide revolution resulting in Mexican Independence. Eventually his peasant army would take Mexico City, but not until after he was captured and executed in 1811.

Simon Bolivar was a young military officer who had been trained by the Spanish in Venezuela to serve in their military at a young age. He traveled to Europe, and after seeing the coronation of Napoleon decided to seek similar glory. He returned to his native Venezuela and began a campaign to liberate the country from Spanish control. Although early on he was driven to Haiti, he eventually returned and was able to free Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Columbia by 1822.

Jose de San Martin did a similar feat in Argentina. After serving in the Spanish army during the Peninsula campaign against France, he returned to South America and used his military skills to liberate Argentina and most of Peru from Spanish forces with his newly-formed Army of the Andes. After being named The Protector of Peru, he moved to France and retired from politics.

yash15 | Student

1. simon boliver liberated bolivia,colombia,venezuela,ecuador

2. José de San Martín liberated argentina

3.paraguay gained its independence on May 15, 1811, after a plan organized by various pro-independence nationalists including Fulgencio Yegros and Dr. José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia.