Who were the key revolutionaries that led the movements for independence in Latin America, and what were their accomplishments?
Going back a bit, one of the most important revolutionary leaders was Toussaint L'ouverture, a key leader in the Haitian revolution (then the French colony Saint-Domingue). The Haitian revolution (1791-1804) was motivated by abolition, class and racial conflicts and was initially inspired by the French Revolution (1789-1799). France made a failed attempt to take the island back in 1801. Jean-Jacques Dessalines, an ally of L'ouverture at one time, ruled Haiti's first two years as a despot. L'ouverture was sent to France where he died in prison in 1803.
Haiti was the only nation during the slave era to permanently abolish slavery. - 71 years before America would. Haiti was the first independent Latin American nation and the first black-led post-colonial nation. The Haitian revolution served as a model for slave rebellions and abolitionists.
There were a large number of people who were important in liberating the various countries of South America from Spanish control. I will list a few of the most important of these men.
- Simon Bolivar is the name most connected with the liberation of South America. He was the leader of the independence movement for most of northern South America. He was instrumental in liberating what is now the countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Bolivia, and Peru.
- Jose de San Martin was the man who was most responsible for the liberation of Argentina. He was also involved in liberating other parts of southern South America.
- Bernardo O'Higgins is regarded as the major liberator of Chile.
I'm actually wondering the same question. Is there a revolutionary for Brazil? There is one for Mexica which is Father Miguel Hidalgo who rang the church bells to encourage people to revolt. This was called "El Grito de Dolores" or "The cry of Dolores". There are many other names but this was one of the sparks to the revolution.
This is just what I learned from my teacher. I'm taking the test soon. Good luck! :) But stay in contact! And tell me if you find a revolutionary who led a movement in Brazil!