Who were the Hessian Soldiers of the American Revolution?

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Hessian soldiers in the American Revolution fought on the side of the British.  These were mercenaries from Germany (one of the states of Germany is called Hesse and people from there are Hessians) who were hired by the British.  Because the British Isles are not very large, and because Britain needed a large military, they often needed to hire mercenaries.

An estimated 29,000 Germans were brought to America to fight in the Revolutionary War.  More than 12,000 of these did not go back to Germany.

The Hessians are perhaps most famous for having been on the losing side of the American sneak attack on Trenton, NJ.

mkhunter | Student

The Hessians were hired German soldiers, or mercenaries, that fought for the British during the American Revolutionary War. 

A well-known event during the American Revolutionary War that involved the Hessians was the Battle of Trenton. George Washington and his men crossed the Delaware River to surprise the Hessians in their camp on Christmas Day. The Hessians were not prepared and surrendered. This brought up the morale of our American troops after a rough winter at Valley Forge.

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