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Athenians lived in Athens, Greece, in the 5th century BCE under the rule of Pericles. Athens's population was relatively small compared to other Greek cities of that time, but the creative brilliance that emerged from Athens undoubtedly changed the world. Athenians contributed greatly to the fields of philosophy and science;...

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Athenians lived in Athens, Greece, in the 5th century BCE under the rule of Pericles. Athens's population was relatively small compared to other Greek cities of that time, but the creative brilliance that emerged from Athens undoubtedly changed the world. Athenians contributed greatly to the fields of philosophy and science; they also maintained one of the most well documented democratic systems of ancient times. Notable Athenians include Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

The ancient people of Athens valued civic duty and welcomed foreign goods, outsiders, and unique ideas. As master shipbuilders, they traveled across the seas and brought new ideas back with them. They spent most of their time outdoors and enjoyed both mental and physical activities, because they considered their minds and bodies to be one. After over twenty years of prosperity, the Athenian golden age came to an end when Sparta declared war on Athens.

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Pythagoras was not a citizen of Athens. the Olympic games were not held in Athens. Philosophy originated in Ionia and the Greek colonies in Italy, and the flourished later in Athens.

 

 

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The Athenians were residents of the ancient city-state of Greece, Athens, in around the 5th century BC.  In contrast. the Spartans of Sparta were a war-like peopls, the Athenians were dedicated to excellence, artistry, and knowledge.  These people valued individual freedom and established the first democracy.  They believed in balance between body and mind, and emphasized exercise just as much as they did learning.  It was in Athens that the first Olympic games were held.  Their architecture and art is considered the best of the time.  They built the Acropolis, the Parthenon, and the Theatre of Dionysia.  Some of their most famous citizens include Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and Pythagoras.  They are credited not only with democracy, but also with early studies in philosophy, mathematics, biology, and other subjects.

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