Who were the 2 scientists who made advances in science by using microscopes?

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Some of the greatest advances in science using microscope were done in early years of microscope. First to use microscope to study parts of living organisms (like lungs, eyes of flies, feathers and cork cells - incidentally this where the word cell for cells of living organisms comes from) was ...

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Some of the greatest advances in science using microscope were done in early years of microscope. First to use microscope to study parts of living organisms (like lungs, eyes of flies, feathers and cork cells - incidentally this where the word cell for cells of living organisms comes from) was Robert Hook and first one to use microscope on living cells (like blood cells and spermatozoa) was Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

Of course many (if not all) discoveries in microbiology would not be possible without microscope. Polio vaccine (Jonas Salk), penicillin (Alexander Fleming) and structure of DNA using X-ray diffraction - type of crystallography using X-rays (James Watson, Francis Crick, Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling) to name a few.

Many things today would not be possible without microscope including almost anything in molecular biology, pharmacy and even microchip industry. The latest advancement in field of microscopy was by Eric Betzig, William Moerner and Stefan Hell who received Nobel Prize in chemistry this year for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy which can be used to study live cells on nanodimension level (we can use electron microscope for that but it kills the cells as opposed to this technique).

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