Sigmund Schlomo Freud was a distinguished and highly recognised late 19th and early 20th century critical thinker, philosopher, neurologist, psychiatrist and psychologist. Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Austria (Czech Republic) into a religious Jewish family, but he remained atheist and secular. He started his career as a neurologist and worked on several mental disorders. He developed an approach to treat neurosis by using psychological theory. Freud gave fundamentals of psychoanalysis, a theory of psychic functioning. He gave the theory of the Unconscious and Infantile Sexuality. Because of these fundamental and founding contributions, he is popularly known as the father of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a very popular field of study even now, although it finds criticism on the grounds of lack of empirical and scientific data. Some other contributions of Freud were his new, innovative insights into the structure and working of the human mind, dream symbolism and semiotics. Today, Freud is one of the most popular and influential figures in the field of psychology, and many of his concepts like conscious and unconscious mind, repression, Freudian slip, etc. are taught as fundamentals to psychology students.
Sigmund Freud was a neurologist who became the founding father of psychoanalysis. He discovered therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference. He analyzed dreams which led to different theories as well as different types of disorders and a wide range of interpretation.