Who was Robert Clive? When and how did he die?

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bullgatortail eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Robert Clive (1725-1774) was one of the great British colonial leaders of India during the 18th century. Nicknamed "The Clive of India," he above all others is responsible for securing Britain's supremacy in India. A brilliant soldier and diplomat, he helped establish the East India Company's power and established the colony of Bengal. He recaptured Calcutta by winning the Battle of Plassey despite being heavily outnumbered. He served as governor of India from 1755-1760 and 1764-1767. He committed suicide on November 22, 1774 by stabbing himself with a pen-knife, apparently due to constant pain (he also had a history of depression). Clive had only recently turned down the command of all troops in North America, an appointment which could have changed the course of the impending American Revolution.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Robert Clive is better known as "Clive of India."  He is one of the major figures in the history of the British occupation and control of India.

Clive was in India with the East India Company.  He rose in the company's ranks and also in the ranks of the army that it maintained.  He was the leader of these troops when they took control of India (at least of the European forts and such in India) from the French.

After a long career running India, Clive returned to England.  He eventually committed suicide, most likely because of being in great pain from an illness.  He died on November 22, 1774.

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