England had two prime ministers in 1945. The two were Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee. Churchill is by far the more famous of the two. He became prime minister in 1940 and therefore was England’s leader throughout most of World War II. He is given much of the credit for the country’s ability to maintain its morale and will to resist Germany during the dark days of the early part of the war.
However, at the end of the war, many Britons were worried that Churchill was not the right leader for a peacetime nation. Therefore, Churchill lost the election to Attlee’s Labour Party. Churchill left office in July of 1945 and Attlee succeeded him.
Therefore, there were two prime ministers of England in 1945.